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The beginning of your child's diagnosis, whether before,
at birth or later in life, can be challenging for parents.
"We learned about our child's diagnosis soon after he was born, but it didn't sink in until much later. We had no idea what to think, much-less expect for a parent of a child with a disability. We were completely blindsided. I remember wondering what my child's future would be like— would he have the same type of life as his brother and sister? It didn't matter, because we had a perfect, healthy baby boy and we were ready to take the new journey God had given us. Our greatest concern after receiving the diagnosis was, "what do we do next?" "What do we need to do as his parents to ensure he has everything he needs to live a meaningful life."
What is a Disability?
Two Types of Disabilities: Developmental and Intellectual
Developmental Disability: a group of conditions due to an impairment in physical, learning, language, or behavior areas. About one in six children in the U.S. have one or more developmental disabilities or other developmental delays.
Developmental disabilities can begin before birth or can develop anytime during a child's "developmental period."
Developmental disabilities can be caused from factors such as genetics, health and behavior during pregnancy (smoking & drinking), complications of pregnancy and pre-mature birth.
There are many factors that may cause developmental disabilities.
Many developmental disabilities have NO known causes.
Source: Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/developmentaldisabilities/index.html
Intellectual Disability: a disability characterized by significant limitations in both intellectual functioning and in adaptive behavior, which covers many everyday social and practical skills. This disability originates before the age of 18.
Intellectual functioning—also called intelligence—refers to general mental capacity, such as learning, reasoning, problem solving.
Adaptive behavior is the collection of conceptual, social, and practical skills that are learned and performed by people in their everyday lives.
Conceptual skills—language and literacy; money, time, and number concepts; and self-direction.
Social skills—interpersonal skills, social responsibility, self-esteem, gullibility, naïveté (i.e., wariness), social problem solving, and the ability to follow rules/obey laws and to avoid being victimized.
Practical skills—activities of daily living (personal care), occupational skills, healthcare, travel/transportation, schedules/routines, safety, use of money, use of the telephone.
Source: American Association of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities http://www.aaidd.org/intellectual-disability/definition
Smiling for the first time, reaching for toys, crawling on all four's; eating with a spoon, saying their name, talking turns and showing emotions are all developmental milestones.
Each child reaches developmental milestones at their own pace. While it is unknown when your child will hit their milestones, developmental milestones indicate a general idea of what to expect when your child ages.